Select behavioral and social risk factors were correlated with early onset of hypertension and diabetes, a prospective cohort study found.
Education and exercise may determine early start of diabetes and hypertension
Engaging in regular self-management of diabetes may decrease the risk for both falls and fall-related injuries in patients with diabetes and CKD, according to a poster presented at the National Kidney Foundation Spring Clinical Meetings.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes. Metformin is used widely as first-line therapy and may have cardiovascular benefits, but if patients can’t tolerate metformin or don’t achieve adequate glycemic control with it, there’s no consensus about second-line treatment.
Postmenopausal women reporting a history of at least four pregnancies were 28% more likely to develop diabetes when compared with women who reported two or three pregnancies, according to an analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data.
The number of children with type 1 diabetes who present with diabetic ketoacidosis is increasing by 2% per year, and this may be due to underdiagnosing of diabetes, according to findings published in CMAJ Open.
Many adults with diabetes also have overweight or obesity. Although the mechanisms underlying the connection between diabetes and adiposity are not fully understood, experts point to insulin resistance induced by excess weight as the cause of elevated blood glucose levels.
A digital health coaching program employing weekly telephone, text messaging and email contacts helped adults with type 2 diabetes lose weight, reduce HbA1c and maintain those benefits for a year, according to study results presented here.