Author: NutriScape Staff Writer

Type 1 Diabetes Discovery

Type 1 Diabetes Discovery

microscope-275984_1920A University of Colorado research team may have pinpointed one potential cause Type 1 Diabetes.  According to the story, the immune system attacks a hybrid protein.  They researchers state, “This new protein modification is actually a hybrid made up of half insulin and half something else, and it activates the T cell causing it to attack.”  Read the story here!

 

KidneyAPPetite Tracks Your Kidney Diet

KidneyAPPetite Tracks Your Kidney Diet

KidneyAPPetite™ is a FREE App for iPhone™ and iPod touch™ that tracks protein, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium and fluid.  It can be downloaded from the Apple iTunes Store™.

KidneyAPPetite

How it works

The app uses data from the USDA National Nutrient Database. It allows patients to customize daily guidelines to match their personal nutrient prescription. As data is entered throughout the day, the app adds up phosphorus, potassium, sodium, calcium, and protein intake to show where the user is in relation to their nutrient goals.  Here are some screenshots…

  

Source

Pediatric Malnutrition Consensus

Pediatric Malnutrition Consensus

girl-649011_640Consensus Statement of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics/American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (the Academy) and the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) recommend a standardized set of indicators be used to identify  pediatric malnutrition (undernutrition) in clinical practice. These include weight-for-height/length, body mass index-for-age, or length/height-for-age or mid–upper arm circumference when a single data point is available.

When 2 or more data points are available, indicators may also include weight gain velocity (<2 years of age), weight loss (2–20 years of age), deceleration in weight for length/height z score, and inadequate nutrient intake.  The full paper is here.

Insulin onset and duration

[purchase_link id=”456″ style=”button” color=”gray” text=”Insulin Types with Peak and Duration”]pdf iconPrint Friendly Version

Insulin preparation Onset of action Peak Duration of action
Glusaline (Apidra)  10-30 minutes  1/2- 2 hours  3-5 hours
Lispro (Humalog) <15 minutes 1-2 hours 3-6 hours
Aspart (Novolog) <15 minutes 1-2 hours 3-6 hours
Glulisine (Apidra) <15 minutes 1-2 hours 3-6 hours
Regular (Novolin R, Humulin R) 30-60 minutes 2-4 hours 6-10 hours
Humulin R Regular U-500 (500 units/ml) 30-60 minutes 2-4 hours Up to 24 hours
NPH (Novolin N, Humulin N, ReliOn) 2-4 hours 4-8 hours 10-18 hours
Glargine (Lantus) 1-2 hours Usually no peak Up to 24 hours
Detemir (Levemir) 1-2 hours Usually no peak ** Up to 24 hours**
Glargine Injection (300units/ml Toujeo) 6 hours No true peak 24-36 hours
Degludec (Tresibia 200units/ml) 6 hours No peak Up to 42 hours
Premixed Insulins Onset of action Peak Duration of action
Novolin 70/30,
Humulin 70/30
30-60 minutes 2-10 hours 10-18 hours
Humalog 75/25,
Novolog 70/30,
Humalog 50/50
10-30 minutes 1-6 hours 10-14 hours